Thursday, December 23, 2010

Heirloom Vegetable Seeds and Where to Find Them!

I just had a random thought that one of the biggest hurdles to planting an heirloom garden is really not just planting and tending it, but finding the quality seed to plant it in the first place. I thought about this a bit and decided to make this handy list of heirloom vegetables with links to buy the seed at numerous seed companies. This is the first list and will focus primarily on the varieties listed in Taylor’s Guide to Heirloom Vegetables by Benjamin Watson's. I plan to make another list with links to varieties in William Woys Weaver's two books, Heirloom Vegetable Gardening: A Master's Guide to Planting, Seed Saving, and Cultural History and 100 Vegetables and Where They Came From. It will take me a while to get all of the links added to the varieties, so be patient. The companies are not listed in any particular and with no special recommendations. I'm sure that there are also more suppliers out there somewhere. One place to check if no company is listed is Seed Savers Exchange Yearbook, which requires a membership to get access to their full catalog.


1)      Amaranth
a.       Elephant Head (1880s) - Seeds of Change, Wild Garden,
b.      Hopi Red Dye (Komo) - Native Seed SEARCH, Terroir Seeds, Wild Garden,
c.       Joseph’s Coat - Terroir Seeds,
d.      Loves-lies-bleeding - Terroir Seeds, Seeds of Change
e.      Merah (coleus leaf salad) - 
f.       Mercado (dreadicus) - 
g.      Molten Fire (summer poinsettia) - Terroir Seeds

2)      Artichoke, Globe
a.       Green Globe - Hometown, Pinetree Garden, Victory Seeds,
b.      Purple Sicilian
c.       Violetto - Reimer Seeds,

3)      Asparagus
a.       Argenteuil Early (1885) - Cherry Gal, Gourmet Seed, Grow Italian, Trade Winds Fruit
b.      Conover’s Colossal (1870) - Cherry Gal,

4)      Snap Beans
a.       Black Valentine (before 1850) - Hometown, Sandhill Preservation, Pinetree Garden, Heirloom Seeds, Heritage Harvest,
c.       Burpee’s Stringless Green Pod (1894) - Pinetree Garden,
d.      Canadian Wonder (1873) - Heritage Harvest,
e.       Fin des Bagnols (1800s) - Seed Savers Exchange, Cooks Garden, Cherry Gal,
f.       Masterpiece (1907)
g.      Red Valentine (1832) - Heritage Harvest,
h.      Tendergreen (1922) - Sandhill Preservation, Pinetree Garden,
i.        Triomphe de Farcy (1892)

5)      Snap Pole Beans
a.       Blue Coco (1775) - Southern Exposure Seed Exchange, Heritage Harvest,

6)      Wax Bush Beans
a.       Brittle Wax (round pod kidney wax’s 1900) - Sandhill Preservation, Heirloom Seeds,
b.      Buerre de Rocquencourt - Sandhill Preservation
c.       Dragon Lingerie (dragon’s tongue) - Sandhill Preservation, Pinetree Garden, Heritage Harvest, Heirloom Seeds,
d.      Golden Wax (1871) - Heirloom Seeds
e.       Mont D’Or (1880s)

7)      Wax Pole Beans
a.       Kentucky Wonder Wax (1901) - Sandhill Preservation, Pinetree Garden, Heirloom Seeds
b.      Meraviglia di Venezia (wonder of Venice)
c.       Yellow Annelino

8)      Horticultural (or Shell) Bush Beans
a.       Chevrier Vert (1880)
b.      Dwarf Horticultural (late 1700s)
c.       Tongue of Fire (horto) - Victory Seeds,
d.      Vermont Cranberry Bush (1700s) -Sandhill Preservation, Victory Seeds, Heritage Harvest,

9)      Horticultural (or shell) Pole Beans
a.       Lazy Wife (white cranberry’s 1810) - Heirloom Seeds, Southern Exposure Seed Exchange,
b.      Vermont Cranberry Pole - Heirloom Seeds,
c.       Wren’s Egg - Heirloom Seeds,

10)      Dry (or Field) Bush Beans
a.       Arikara Yellow - Sandhill Preservation, Heritage Harvest,
b.      Black Coco
c.       Black Turtle (turtle soup; before 1806) - Sandhill Preservation, Southern Exposure Seed Exchange, Heirloom Seeds,
d.      Cannelloni (cannelone’; before 1900) - Victory Seeds,
e.      Great Northern (Montana white) - Heirloom Seeds, Victory Seeds, Heritage Harvest,
f.       Hutterite (1750s) - Heirloom Seeds,
h.      Low’s Champion (dwarf red cranberry) - Heritage Harvest,
i.        Santa Maria Pinquito
j.        Soldier (Johnson bean) - Victory Seeds,
k.      Sulphur (china yellow’; before 1870) - 
l.        Swedish Brown (1890)
m.    Yellow Eye (molasses face)

11)      Dry (or Field) Pole Beans
a.       Mostoller’s Wild Goose (1865)
b.      Ruth Bible (1832) - Southern Exposure Seed Exchange,

12)      Fava or Broad Beans
a.       Aquadulce Claudia (1885) - Heirloom Seeds, Victory Seeds, Heritage Harvest
b.      Broad Windsor (1863) - Heirloom Seeds, Victory Seeds, Heritage Harvest
c.      Castillo Franco
d.      Crimson-flowered (1778)

13)  Lima or Butter Bush Beans
b.      Hopi Orange
c.       Jackson Wonder (1888) - Southern Exposure, Heirloom Seeds

14)  Lima or Butter Pole Beans
a.       Black (1892)
c.       Civil War (1860s)
d.      Dr. Martin
e.       King of the Garden (1883) - Pinetree Garden, Southern Exposure, Heirloom Seeds, Victory Seeds
f.       Red Calico (1790)
g.      Willow Leaf White (1891) - Southern Exposure, Victory Seeds,

15)  Runner Beans
a.       Aztec Dwarf White
b.      Blackcoat (black runner) - Heritage Harvest,
c.       Czar
d.      Painted Lady (1855) - Heirloom Seeds, Heritage Harvest
e.       Scarlet Runner (before 1750) - Hometown, Southern Exposure, Heirloom Seeds, Victory Seeds, Heritage Harvest,
f.       Seneca Indian Bear Paw
g.      White Dutch Runner (before 1825)

16)  Soybeans
a.       Agate (1929) - Heirloom Seeds, Heritage Harvest,
b.      Lammer’s Black

17)      Tepary Beans (for Native American varieties see Native Seed SEARCH)
a.       Mitla Black - Seeds of Change, Fedco Seeds,
b.      Sonoran Gold Bush - Seeds of Change,


18)      Beet
a.       Albina Vereduna
b.       Bull’s Blood - Wild Garden, Southern Exposure, Victory Seeds, Heritage Harvest
d.      Crosby’s Egyptian (1880) - Sandhill Preservation, Pinetree Garden, Southern Exposure, Victory Seeds
e.       Cylindra (formanova; 1990s) - Hometown, Sandhill Preservation, Pinetree Garden, Southern Exposure, Victory Seeds
f.       Detroit Dark Red (1892) - Hometown, Sandhill Preservation, Pinetree Garden, Victory Seeds
h.      Golden Beet (before 1828) - Pinetree Garden
i.        Lutz Green Leaf (winter keeper) - Sandhill Preservation, Pinetree Garden, Southern Exposure, Heritage Harvest,
j.        Macgregor’s Favorite (dracaena beet) - Cherry GalWild Garden,
k.      Yellow Intermediate Mangel (yellow mangel)

19)      Broccoli
a.       Calabrese (1880s) - Pinetree Garden, Southern Exposure, Victory Seeds, Heritage Harvest
c.       Early Purple Sprouting (before 1835) - Victory Seeds
d.      Romanesco - Heritage Harvest

20)      Brussels Sprouts
a.       Bedford Fillbasket -
c.       Rubine Red - Territorial Seed, Cherry Gal,


21)      Green Cabbage
a.       Brunswick (before 1880) - Sandhill Preservation, Pinetree Garden, Victory Seeds
b.      Christmas Drumhead (1903) - Victory Seeds,
c.      Couve de Tronchuda (before 1877)
d.      Danish Ballhead (1887) - Sandhill Preservation, Pinetree Garden, Victory Seeds,
e.       Early Jersey Wakefield (1840s) - Sandhill Preservation, Pinetree Garden, Southern Exposure, Victory Seeds, Heritage Harvest
f.       Glory of Enkhuizen - Sandhill Preservation, Pinetree Garden, Victory Seeds
g.      Late Flat Dutch (premium late flat ducth; before 1840) - Sandhill Preservation, Victory Seeds, Heritage Harvest

22)      Red Cabbage
a.       Mammoth Red Rock (red Danish; before 1906) - Sandhill Preservation, Pinetree Garden, Victory Seeds, Heritage Harvest

23)      Savoy Cabbage
a.       Drumhead Savoy (before 1885) - Pinetree Garden
b.      January King (before 1885) - Heritage Harvest,

24)      Carrot
d.      Early Scarlet Horn (before 1610) - Heritage Harvest,
f.       Long Orange Improved (1850) - Heritage Harvest, Reimer Seeds,
g.      Oxheart (Guerande’; 1884) - Southern Exposure Seed Exchange,
h.      Rondo (‘paris market’) - Seed Savers Exchange,
j.        Topeweight
k.      Touchon - Veseys, Cherry Gal, Reimer Seeds, Cooks Garden,


25)      Cauliflower
b.      Purple Cape (1834) - Territorial, Cherry Gal, Reimer Seeds,
c.       Veitch’s Autumn Giant (before 1885)

26)      Celeriac
a.       Giant Prauge (1871) - Southern Exposure, Victory Seeds

27)      Celery
a.       Golden Self-blanching (before 1885) - Sandhill Preservation, Pinetree Garden, Southern Exposure, Victory Seeds, Heritage Harvest,
b.      Red Stalk - Heritage Harvest,
c.       Solid Pink (1894)
d.      Zwolsche Drul - Heritage Harvest

28)      Spring or Cutting Chicory
a.       Catalogna - Wild Garden

29)      Radicchio and Heading Chicory
a.       Castelfranco - Wild Garden
b.      Rossa di Treviso - 
c.       Rossa di Verona - 
d.      Sugar Loaf - Wild Garden

30)      Witloof and Root Chicory
a.       Large-rooted Magdeburg (‘coffee chicory’)
b.      Witloof (‘belgian endive’) - Victory Seeds

31)      Sweet Corn, White
a.       Black Mexican (black aztec’s; before 1860) - Sandhill Preservation, Southern Exposure,
b.      Catawba (1909)
c.       Country Gentleman (1890) - Pinetree Garden, Sandhill Preservation, Victory Seeds,
d.      Hooker’s Sweet Indian (1930s)
e.       Howling Mob (1905)
f.       Luther Hill (1902) - Sandhill Preservation,
g.      Stowell’s Evergreen (1848) - Pinetree Garden, Southern Exposure, Victory Seeds

32)      Sweet Corn, Yellow
b.      Golden Early Market (1925)
c.       Mandan Red Sweet (nuetta; 1912) - Sandhill Preservation,

33)      Dent Corn
a.       Bloody Butcher (1845) - Southern Exposure, Victory Seeds,
b.      Hickory King (before 1900) - Southern Exposure, Victory Seeds,
c.       Nothstine Dent - Sandhill Preservation, Johnny's,

34)  Flint Corn
a.       Garland Flint - Sandhill Preservation,
b.      Longfellow Flint - Sandhill Preservation,
c.       Rhode Island White Cap (1860) similar to the variety named Narragansett

35)  Flour Corn
a.       Anasazi - Sandhill Preservation,
b.      Mandan Bride - Sandhill Preservation,
c.       Taos Pueblo Blue Corn - Native Seed SEARCH,
d.      Tuscarora (before 1712)

36)  Popcorn
a.       Pennsylvania Butter-flavored (before 1885) - Sandhill Preservation, Heritage Harvest,
b.      Strawberry (dwarf strawberry) - Victory Seeds
c.       Tom Thumb Yellow - Heritage Harvest,

37)  Corn Salad (Mache)
a.       A Grosse Grraine (big-seeded)
b.      Coquille de Louviers (coquille)
c.       D’Etampes (verte d’etampes)
d.      Verte de Cambrai (green de cambria)

38)  Pickling Cucumbers
a.       Boston Pickling (before 1880) - Sandhill Preservation, Pinetree Garden, Heritage Harvest,
b.      Chicago Pickling (1888) - Sandhill Preservation,
c.       Early Cluster (1778) - Sandhill Preservation, Heritage Harvest,
d.      Early Russian (1850s) - Heritage Harvest
e.       Vert de MaĆ­z (1800s)

39)  Slicing Cucumbers
a.       Boothby’s Blonde - Pinetree Garden, Heritage Harvest
b.      China Long (1862) -
c.       Japanese Climbing (1892) - Sandhill Preservation,
e.       Long Green Improved (1842) - Hometown, Sandhill Preservation, Pinetree Garden, Victory Seeds, Heritage Harvest,
f.       Longfellow (1927) - Sandhill Preservation, Heritage Harvest,
g.      Straight 8 (1935) - Victory Seeds,
h.      Suyo Long - Heritage Harvest
i.        West Indian Gherkin (1793) - Sandhill Preservation, Pinetree Garden, Victory Seeds
j.        White Wonder (before 1890) - Pinetree Garden, Victory Seeds

40)  Eggplant
a.       Black Beauty (1902) - Hometown, Pinetree Garden, Victory Seeds, Heritage Harvest,
b.      Listada de Gandia - Heritage Harvest
c.       Pintong Long - Sandhill Preservation, Pinetree Garden
d.      Rosa Bianca - Sandhill Preservation
e.       Thai Green - Sandhill Preservation
f.       Turkish Orange (turkish italian) - Pinetree Garden
g.      Violetta di Firenze

41)  Endive
a.       Broad-leaved Batavian - Sandhill Preservation, Wild Garden, Victory Seeds
b.      Green Curled Ruffec - Victory Seeds,
c.      Grosse Bouclee
d.      Tres Fine Marachiere (frisee) - Wild Garden,

42)  Florence Fennel (Finocchio)
a.       Romy

43)  Hardneck (Ophio) Garlic
a.       Rocambole Type
                                                              i.      Carpathian
                                                            ii.      Germain Red
                                                          iii.      Spanish Roja
b.      Purple Stripe Type
                                                              i.      Chesnok Red - 
c.       Procelain Type
                                                              i.      Romainian Red

44)  Softneck Garlic
a.       Artichoke Type
                                                              i.      Inchelium Red
                                                            ii.      Lorz Italian
b.      Silversking Type
                                                              i.      Nootka Rose
                                                            ii.      Silverskin

45)  Jerusalem Artichoke (Sunchoke)
a.       Dave’s Shrine (judy’s red, wolcottonian red)
b.      Maine Giant
c.       Smooth Garnet (garnet)

46)  Kale
a.       Dwarf Blue Curled Scotch - Sandhill Preservation, Pinetree Garden, Victory Seeds, Heritage Harvest,
b.      Lacinato - Hometown, Wild Garden, Heritage Harvest,
c.       Pentland Brig
d.      Red Russian (ragged jack) - Sandhill Preservation, Victory Seeds
e.       Thousand-headed (before 1863)
f.       Walking Stick

47)  Collards
a.       Georgia (before 1880) - Sandhill Preservation, Victory Seeds
b.      Green Glaze (before 1860)
c.       Morris Heading - Sandhill Preservation, Victory Seeds,

48)  Kohlrabi
a.       Early Purple Viena (before 1860) - Hometown, Sandhill Preservation, Pinetree Garden, Victory Seeds, Heritage Harvest,
b.      Early White Viena (before 1860) - Hometown, Sandhill Preservation, Pinetree Garden, Victory Seeds, Heritage Harvest,
c.       Gigante (gigant winter)

49)  Leek
a.       Blue Solaise (blue de solaise) - Heritage Harvest
b.      Giant Caretan (1874) - Sandhill Preservation, Pinetree Garden, Victory Seeds
c.       Giant Musselburgh (1870) - Sandhill Preservation, Victory Seeds, Heritage Harvest,
d.      Lyon (prizetaker; 1886)

50)  Looseleaf Lettuce
a.       Black-seeded Simpson (1850) - Hometown, Sandhill Preservation, Pinetree Garden, Victory Seeds, Heritage Harvest,
b.      Bronze Arrow - Heritage Harvest,
c.       Deer Tongue (1740) - Pinetree Garden, Wild Garden, Heritage Harvest
d.      Grandpa Admire’s (grandpa’s; 1860s)
e.       Oak Leaf - Hometown, Pinetree Garden, Victory Seeds

51)  Heading Lettuce
a.       Brune d’Hiver (1855) - 
b.      Hanson (before 1855) - Pinetree Garden, Victory Seeds,
c.       Iceberg (1894) - Pinetree Garden, Wild Garden, Victory Seeds
d.      Limestone Bibb (bibb; 1850)
e.       Merveille des Quarter Saisons’ (four seasons) - Victory Seeds, Heritage Harvest
f.       Mescher (schweitzer’s mescher bibb)
g.      Speckled (spereckled) - Heritage Harvest,
h.      Tennis Ball (before 1804) - Heritage Harvest,
i.        Tom Thumb (1830) - Sandhill Preservation, Victory Seeds, Heritage Harvest

52)  Cos (Romaine) Lettuce
a.       Ballon (ballon; before 1885)
b.      Paris White Cos (romaine blonde marachiere; before 1868) - Heritage Harvest,
c.       Rouge d’Hiver (red winter; 1840s) - Victory Seeds

53)  Melon
a.       Banana (1883) - Pinetree Garden, Victory Seeds
b.      Casaba, Golden Beauty - Pinetree Garden
c.       Collective Farmwoman - Heritage Harvest,
d.      Golden Champlain (1923)
e.       Hale’s Best (before 1923) - Hometown, Pinetree Garden,
f.       Hearts of Gold (1917) - Victory Seeds,
g.      Honey Dew (1915) -
h.      Honey Rock (sugar rock) - Pinetree Garden
i.        Jenny Lind (before 1846) - Pinetree Garden, Heritage Harvest
j.        Nutmeg (1830s)
k.      Perfection (1892)
l.        Rocky Ford (eden gem; 1881) - Victory Seeds
m.    Vedrantais (charentais) - Victory Seeds

54)  Mustard Oriental Greens
a.       Michihili (Brassica rapa, pekinensis group; 1870s)
b.      Mizuna (kyona; B. rapa, japonica group) - Sandhill Preservation,
c.       Osaka Purple
d.      Red Giant (giant red) - Sandhill Preservation, Victory Seeds, Heritage Harvest,
e.       Southern Giant Curled (17402) - Hometown, Sandhill Preservation, Victory Seeds, Heritage Harvest
f.       Tendergreen (B. rapa, chinensis group) - Hometown, Sandhill Preservation, Victory Seeds,

55)  Okra
a.       Cow Horn - Sandhill Preservation, Pinetree Garden, New Hope,
b.      Louisiana Green Velvet (1930s)
c.       Red Okra (purple okra)
d.      Star of David - Sandhill Preservation

56)  Onions
a.       Common (Globe) Onions
                                                              i.      Red- and Purple-Skinned Onions
1.      Red Torpedo (Italian red bottle)
2.      Red Wethers field (ca. 1800)
3.      Southport Red Globe (1873) - Pinetree Garden, Heritage Harvest,
                                                            ii.      Yellow- and Brown-Skinned Onions
1.      Ailsa Craig Exhibition - Pinetree Garden, Heritage Harvest
2.      Australian Brown - Heritage Harvest
3.      Yellow Ebenezer (1906)
4.      Yellow Globe Danvers (before 1850)
                                                          iii.      White-Skinned Onions
1.      Southport White Globe
2.      White Portugal (silversking; before 1800) - Sandhill Preservation,
b.      Bunching (Welsh) Onions
                                                              i.      Evergreen White Bunching (he-shi-ko; 1880s)
                                                            ii.      Red Welsh Bunching - 
c.       Egyption (Topset) Onions
                                                              i.      Catawissa Onion
                                                            ii.      McCullar’s White Topset
d.      Multiplier (Shallots and Potato) Onions
                                                              i.      Odetta’s White Shallot (before 1900)
                                                            ii.      Yellow Potato Onion (hill onion, mother onion, pregnant onion; before 1886)
57)  Parsley
a.       Gigante d’Italia - Kitchen Garden, Fedco, Jung, Thompson and Morgan
b.      Hamburg Root Parsley (P. crispum var. tuberosum) - Terroir Seeds, Victory Seeds, Cherry Gal,
c.       Moss Curled - Victory Seeds

58)      Parsnips
b.      Offenham -
                  c.       The Student (1860) - Cherry Gal,

  59)      Peas
a.       Shelling Peas (P. sativum var. sativum)
                                                              i.      Alaska (1880) - Sandhill Preservation, Victory Seeds, Baker Creek,
                                                            ii.      Alderman (tall telephone; 1891) - Sandhill Preservation, Pinetree Garden, Victory Seeds, Baker Creek,
                                                          iii.      American Wonder 91878)
                                                          iv.      Blue Pod Capucijners (ducth grey, Holland capucijners; P. sativum var. arvense; 1500s) - Sandhill Preservation, Heritage Harvest,
                                                            v.      Champion of England (1846) - Heritage Harvest,
                                                          vi.      Dwarf Telephone (1888)
                                                        vii.      Laxtonian (blue bantam, hundredfold, before 1907
                                                      viii.      Lincoln (homesteader; before 1908) - Hometown, Pinetree Garden, Victory Seeds, Baker Creek,
                                                          ix.     Little Marvel (improved American wonder; 1900) - Hometown, Victory Seeds, Heritage Harvest, Baker Creek,
                                                            x.      The Pilot (before 1903)
                                                          xi.      Stratagem (ca. 1879)
                                                        xii.      Thomas Laxton (freezonian; 1898)
b.      Edible-Podded Peas (P. sativum var. macrocarpon)
                                                              i.      Dwarf Gray Sugar (before 1773) - Heritage Harvest,
                                                            ii.      Golden Sweet - Heritage Harvest, Baker Creek,
                                                          iii.      Mammoth Melting Sugar (before 1906) - Sandhill Preservation, Victory Seeds, Baker Creek,

60)      Cowpeas
a.       Calico Crowder (Hereford pea, polecat pea) - New Hope,
b.      Papago - Sandhill Preservation,
c.       Susanne (Susanne cream)
d.      Whippoorwill - Sandhill Preservation, Victory Seeds, Baker Creek,
e.       Zipper (zipper cream crowder) - Sandhill Preservation,

61)      Peppers
a.       Hot Peppers
                                                              i.      Arledge Hot (Louisiana hot)
                                                            ii.      Chiltepine (C. annuum var. aviculare) - Native Seeds SEARCH,
                                                          iii.      Chimayo - Heritage Harvest,
                                                          iv.      Czechoslovakian Black
                                                            v.      De Arbol (arbol; tree chili)
                                                          vi.      De Comida (zapotec di comida)
                                                        vii.      Grandpa’s Home Pepper - Heritage Harvest,
                                                      viii.      Karlo
                                                          ix.      Long Red Cayenne (long cayenne; before 1827) - Pinetree Garden, Victory Seeds,
                                                            x.      Pico de Gallo
                                                          xi.      Red Squash (mushroom pepper)
b.      Sweet Pepper
                                                              i.      Aconcagua (giant aconcagua)
                                                            ii.      Bull Nose (large bell, sweet mountain; 1759) - Heritage Harvest,
                                                          iii.      Cherry Sweet (red cherry; before 1860)
                                                          iv.      Corno di Toro - Baker Creek,
                                                            v.      Golden Summit
                                                          vi.      Merrimack Wonder (1942)
                                                        vii.      Nardello (jimmy nardello’s sweet frying pepper)
                                                      viii.      Sweet Banana (Hungarian wax sweet, yellow banana; 1941) - Hometown, Pinetree Garden,
                                                          ix.      World Beater (ruby giant; before 1912)

62)      Potato
a.       All Blue (blue marker) - Seeds of Change,
b.      Anna Cheeka’s Ozette (ozette; late 1700s)
c.       Beauty of Hebron (ca. 1900)
d.      Bintje (1911) - Seeds of Change,
e.       Cow Horn
f.       Early Ohio (1871)
g.      Early Rose (1861)
h.      Garnet Chile
i.        Green Mountain (1885)
j.        Lady Finger
k.      Russet Burbank (netted gem; 1874)
l.        Russian Banana

63)      Radish
a.       China Rose (ca. 1850) - Sandhill Preservation, Victory Seeds, Baker Creek,
c.       French Golden
d.      Long Black Spanish (before 1828) - Sandhill Preservation, Baker Creek,
e.       Munchener Bier - Baker Creek,
f.       Rat’s Tail (mongri, snake radish; before 1860) - Heritage Harvest, Baker Creek,
g.      Round Black Spanish (before 1824) - Sandhill Preservation, Pinetree Garden, Victory Seeds, Heritage Harvest, Baker Creek,
h.      Tokinashi (all seasons)
i.        Violet de Gournay (gournay violet; before 1885) - Baker Creek,
j.        White Icicle (lady finger; before 1896) - Hometown, Sandhill Preservation, Pinetree Garden, Victory Seeds, Baker Creek,
k.      Wood’s Frame (ca. 1870)

64)      Rhubarb
a.       Glaskin’s Perpetual - Pinetree Garden, Territorial Seed, Baker Creek, Cherry Gal, Thompson and Morgan,
b.      German Wine
c.       Paragon
d.      Victoria (myatt’s Victoria; before 1873) - Southern Exposure Seed Exchange, Victory Seeds, Baker Creek,

65)      Rutabaga
a.       Bristol White
c.       Macomber (sweet german)
d.      Pike

66)      Salsify
a.       Mammoth Sandwich Island (1860) - Sandhill Preservation, Victory Seeds, Baker Creek,

67)      Scorzonera
a.       Geante Noire de Russie

68)  Spinach
b.      Giant Nobel (long-standing gaudry; 1926) - Sandhill Preservation, Pinetree Garden, Victory Seeds, Baker Creek,
c.       King of Denmark (1919)
d.      Norfolk (1880s) - Heritage Harvest,
e.       Virginia Savoy (old dominion; 1921)
f.       Viroflay (1866) - Pinetree Garden, Heritage Harvest,

69)  Cucurbita maxima
a.       Blue Banana (ca. 1893)
b.      Boston Marrow (before 1831) - Sandhill Preservation, Heritage Harvest, Baker Creek,
c.       Buttercup (1925) - Pinetree Garden, Victory Seeds, Baker Creek,
d.      Hubbard (green hubbard, true hubbard; 1798) - Hometown, Victory Seeds, Heritage Harvest, Baker Creek,
e.       North Georgia Candy Roaster - Heritage Harvest,
f.       Queensland Blue (before 1932) - Sandhill Preservation, Pinetree Garden, Baker Creek,
g.      Red Kuri (orange Hokkaido) - Pinetree Garden, Baker Creek,
h.      Rouge Vif d’Etampes (etampes; 1883) - Heritage Harvest, Baker Creek,
i.        Turk’s Turban - Victory Seeds, Baker Creek,

70)  Cucurbita mixta
a.       Green-striped Cushaw (1820s) - Pinetree Garden, Baker Creek,
b.      White Jonathan Cushaw (1891) - Baker Creek,

71)  Cucurbita moschata
a.       Butternut (1944) - Sandhill Preservation, Pinetree Garden, Victory Seeds, Baker Creek,
b.      Cheese Pumpkin (1824)
c.       Kikuza Early White (1927)
d.      Neck Pumpkin
e.       Seminole Pumpkin (1916) - Sandhill Preservation, Baker Creek,
f.       Tromboncino (rampicante zucchetta) - Sandhill Preservation, Baker Creek,
g.      Upper Ground Sweet Potato - Sandhill Preservation, Baker Creek,

72)  Cucurbita pepo
a.       Acorn, Table Queen (1913) - Victory Seeds, Baker Creek,
b.      Benning’s Green Tint Scallop (1914) - Sandhill Preservation, Pinetree Garden, Victory Seeds, Baker Creek,
c.       Black Zucchini (1931) - Sandhill Preservation,
d.      Cocozelle (1934) - Sandhill Preservation, Victory Seeds, Baker Creek,
e.       Connecticut Field (before 1700) - Hometown, Sandhill Preservation, Pinetree Garden, Heritage Harvest, Baker Creek,
f.       Delicata (1894) - Hometown, Pinetree Garden, Heritage Harvest, Baker Creek,
g.      Early Yellow Summer Crookneck (ca. 1700)
i.        Small Sugar (new England pie; before 1860) - Pinetree Garden,
j.        Vegetable Spaghetti (spaghetti squash; 1890s) - Hometown, Sandhill Preservation, Victory Seeds, Heritage Harvest, Baker Creek,
k.      White Bush Scallp (before 1722) - Victory Seeds, Heritage Harvest, Baker Creek,
l.        Winter Luxury (luxury pie pumpkin; 1893) - Sandhill Preservation,
m.    Yellow Bush Scallop (before 1860) - Victory Seeds, Baker Creek,

73)  Sunflower
a.       Arikara - Baker Creek, Heritage Harvest,
b.      Havasupai Striped
c.       Italian White (H. debilis var. cucemerifolius) - Baker Creek, Heritage Harvest,
d.      Mammoth Russian - Heritage Harvest,
e.       Maximilian (H. maximiliani)
f.       Tarahumara White - Baker Creek,

74)  Sweet Potato
a.       Nancy Hall - New Hope,
b.      Porto Rico Bush - New Hope,
c.       Red Wine Velvet
d.      White Yam - New Hope,

75)  Swiss Chard
a.       Argentata
c.       Lucullus (1914) - Hometown, Sandhill Preservation, Victory Seeds,
d.      Perpetual Spinach (spinach beet; 1869) - Baker Creek,
e.       Rainbow Chard (five color silver beet) - Victory Seeds, Heritage Harvest, Baker Creek,
f.       Rhubarb Chard (ruby chard; 1857) - Hometown, Sandhill Preservation, Pinetree Garden, Wild Garden, Victory Seeds,

76)  Tomatillo
a.       Purple de Milpa
b.      Toma Verde (tomatillo verde) - Victory Seeds, Heritage Harvest, Baker Creek,

77)  Tomatoes
a.       Red Tomatoes
                                                              i.      Abraham Lincoln (1923) - Sandhill Preservation, Victory Seeds,
                                                            ii.      Amish Paste - Hometown, Sandhill Preservation, Heritage Harvest, Baker Creek,
                                                          iii.      Burbank (1915) - Sandhill Preservation,
                                                          iv.      Chadwick’s Cherry (Camp Joy) - Sandhill Preservation, Baker Creek,
                                                            v.      Costoluto Genovese - Sandhill Preservation, Heritage Harvest, Baker Creek,
                                                          vi.      Cuostralee - Sandhill Preservation, Heritage Harvest,
                                                        vii.      Dad’s Mug - Heritage Harvest,
                                                      viii.      Garderner’s Delight (sugar lump)
                                                          ix.      Marmande - Sandhill Preservation, Victory Seeds, Baker Creek,
                                                            x.      Old Brooks - Sandhill Preservation, Heritage Harvest,
                                                          xi.      Red Pear - Sandhill Preservation, Pinetree Garden, Heritage Harvest, Baker Creek,
                                                        xii.      Risentraube (before 1847) - Sandhill Preservation, Heritage Harvest, Baker Creek,
                                                      xiii.      Super Italian Paste
b.      Pink-Purple Tomatoes
                                                              i.      Anna Russian - Sandhill Preservation, Pinetree Garden, Baker Creek,
                                                            ii.      Brandywine (1885) - Hometown, Sandhill Preservation, Pinetree Garden, Victory Seeds, Heritage Harvest, Baker Creek,
                                                          iii.      Brimmer Pink (ca. 1905)
                                                          iv.      Cherokee Purple (before 1890) - Sandhill Preservation, Pinetree Garden, Heritage Harvest, Baker Creek,
                                                            v.      Eva Purple Ball - Sandhill Preservation, Victory Seeds, Heritage Harvest,
                                                          vi.      King Umberto (humberto pear) - Sandhill Preservation,
                                                        vii.      Oxheart (ca. 1925) - Sandhill Preservation,
                                                      viii.      Pruden’s Purple - Pinetree Garden, Victory Seeds, Heritage Harvest, Baker Creek,
                                                          ix.      Zapotec Ribbee (zapotec pleated) - Heritage Harvest,
c.       Yellow-Orange Tomatoes
                                                              i.      Banana Legs - Sandhill Preservation, Victory Seeds, Heritage Harvest,
                                                            ii.      Djena Lee’s Golden Girl (1920s)
                                                          iii.      Golden Queen (1882) - Sandhill Preservation,
                                                          iv.      Goldie (1870s) - Sandhill Preservation,
                                                            v.      Verna Orange - Heritage Harvest,
                                                          vi.      Yellow Pear (before 1805) - Hometown, Sandhill Preservation, Pinetree Garden, Victory Seeds, Heritage Harvest, Baker Creek,
d.      Other Tomatoes
                                                              i.      Big Rainbow - Sandhill Preservation, Pinetree Garden, New Hope, Victory Seeds,
                                                            ii.      Black Krim - Sandhill Preservation, Pinetree Garden, Victory Seeds, Heritage Harvest,
                                                          iii.      Evergreen - Sandhill Preservation, Baker Creek,
                                                          iv.      Tigerella (mr. stripey) - Sandhill Preservation, Pinetree Garden, Baker Creek, Victory Seeds,
                                                            v.      White Beauty (snowball) - Sandhill Preservation, Heritage Harvest,
                                                          vi.      Yellow Currant (Lycopersicon pimpinellifolium) - Sandhill Preservation, Pinetree Garden,

78)  Turnip
a.       GilfeatherTM
b.      Golden Ball (orange jelly; 1859) - Sandhill Preservation, Pinetree Garden, Victory Seeds,
c.       Purple Top White Globe (before 1880) - Hometown, Sandhill Preservation, Pinetree Garden, Victory Seeds, Heritage Harvest, Baker Creek,
d.      Red Milan (de Milan rouge; before 1885)
e.       Seven Top (1845) - Hometown, Sandhill Preservation, Victory Seeds,
f.       Waldoboro Greenneck (1780s)

79)  Watermelon
a.       Cole’s Early (harris early; 1892) - Sandhill Preservation,
b.      Cream of Saskatchewan - Sandhill Preservation, Heritage Harvest, Baker Creek,
c.       Georgia Rattlesnake (rattlesnake) - Sandhill Preservation, Baker Creek,
                                                              i.      Garrisonian is the improved variety of Georgia rattlesnake 1957
d.      Ice Cream (peerless; before 1885) - Baker Creek,
e.       Kleckley Sweet (monte christo; wonder melon; before 1900) - Pinetree Garden, Victory Seeds, Baker Creek,
g.      Nancy (ca. 1885) - Southern Exposure Seed Exchange,
h.      Red-seeded Citron (C. lanatus var. citroides) - Sandhill Preservation, Cherry Gal, Heritage Harvest,
i.        Tom Watson (before 1900) - Pinetree Garden, Victory Seeds, Baker Creek,


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